DSM V Brings New Mental Disorder Diagnoses

Filed under: DSM IV - 25 Apr 2013  | Spread the word !

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DSM V is set to be out in May 22, 2013, a much expected event for all these working in this area of the medical field. However, as expected, the new, revised edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders has both supporters and critics. Advocates of the new DSM claim that this edition will help in bringing new mental disorder diagnoses, resulting in more accessible treatments. On the other hand, critics say that patients will only turn out being over-diagnosed. Below you can read more about the new disorders that are now listed in DSM.


Hoarding disorder

For a long period of time, hoarding disorder has only been considered a symptom of the obsessive-compulsive disorder. Now, this condition has its own clinical definition in the DSM 5. The disease is quite common in the United States nowadays, statistics indicating that more than 4 million people in this country suffer from Hoarding disorder.

Skin-Picking disorder

The skin-picking disorder is a another disease that now is part of DSM. An obsessive-compulsive related disorder, this condition regards patients who pick their skin in such a way that bleeding results.


Disruptive Mood Dysregulation disorder

This condition has been added to the category of depressive disorders, as the new DSM V states. The new diagnosis is expected to have positive effects, mostly when it comes to kids between 6 and 18 years old. This can reduce the risk of children being misdiagnosed with bipolar disorder, instead of the disruptive mood dysregulation disorder.

Hypersexual disorder

Patients suffering from sex addition can receive a clinical diagnosis, too. Listed in DSM 5 under the Section III of other conditions, the hypersexual disorder is still under research.

Binge Eating disorder

Eating disorders have always been common in the United States, but also all around the world. Binge eating disorder supposes that the patient eats in excess 12 times in three months.


Internet disorder

The Internet disorder surely is one of the most interesting additions to the DSM 5. Even though this disease still needs further research, it is listed in the Section III of the manual. People who spend too much time on the Internet can be diagnosed with this disorder. How will that be determined is something we will find out when research on this subject is completed.

As you can see, the DSM 5 will bring numerous interesting, yet unexpected additions. There is no wonder after all that it has both critics and supporters. Well, all left to do is to wait for the DSM 5 to be released, event that will happen in less than one month.

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DSM-5 to Be Published in May 2013

Filed under: DSM IV,Uncategorized - 18 Mar 2013  | Spread the word !

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The next (fifth) edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) was approved by the Board of Trustees of the American Psychiatric Association on December 1, 2012. The new DSM-5 will be published in May 2013 and will be the first significant update to the manual in nearly two decades. A set of updates, revisions and changes to the reference manual used to diagnose mental disorders will provide healthcare providers with new guidelines regarding their practice.


The first draft diagnostic criteria for DSM-5 has now been released and includes the following revisions:

1. The recommendation of new categories for learning disorders and a single diagnostic category, “autism spectrum disorders” that will incorporate the current diagnoses of autistic disorders, Asperger syndrome, pervasive developmental disorder, and childhood disintegrative disorder.

2. Eliminating the current categories substance abuse and dependence, replacing them with the new category “addiction and related disorders”, which will include substance use disorders, with each drug identified in its own category.

3. Creating a new category of “behavioral addictions”, in which gambling will be the sole disorder. Internet addiction was also considered for this category, but there was insufficient data to incorporate it, so it will be included in the manual’s appendix instead.

4. New suicide scales for adults and adolescents to help clinicians identify those individuals most at risk, with a purpose of enhancing interventions across a broad range of mental disorders; those scales include research-based criteria such as impulsive behavior and heavy drinking in teenagers.

5. A proposed new diagnostic category, temper dysregulation with dysphoria (TDD), within the Mood Disorders section of the manual. This may help clinicians better differentiate children with these symptoms from those with bipolar disorder or oppositional defiant disorder.

6. Consideration of a new “risk syndromes” category, with information to help clinicians identify earlier stages of some serious mental disorders, such as psychosis and dementia.

7. New recognition of binge eating disorder and improved criteria for anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, as well as recommended changes in the definitions of some eating disorders.

DMS-5 will also include some proposed changes to DSM-IV diagnoses, for conditions such as asperger syndrome, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), bipolar disorder, depression, dissociative identity disorder, gender identity disorder, hypersexual disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, personality disorders, pica, post-traumatic stress disorder, schizophrenia, and somatoform disorder.

Proposed DSM-5 new diagnoses include the following:

  • compulsive hoarding;
  • depressive personality disorder;
  • olfactory reference syndrome;
  • skin picking disorder;
  • complex post-traumatic stress disorder;
  • binge eating;
  • negativistic (passive-aggressive) personality disorder;
  • sluggish cognitive tempo;
  • relational disorder.

Outside sources have also proposed conditions for inclusion in the DMS-5. These include:

  • Apathy Syndrome;
  • Body Integrity Identity Disorder
  • Complicated Grief Disorder
  • Developmental Trauma Disorder
  • Disorders of Extreme Stress Not Otherwise Specified
  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
  • Internet Addiction Disorder
  • Male-to-Eunuch Gender Identity Disorder
  • Melancholia
  • Parental Alienation Syndrome
  • Seasonal Affective Disorder
  • Sensory Processing Disorder

Until the new DMS-5 final version is released in May 2013, those who are interested in the manual can follow APA’s website, where information on its development and draft versions are posted on a regular basis. APA is also listing sections of DSM-5 for review and discussion, so check it out if you want to learn more on the new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.

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DSM IV And Its Main Three Parts

Filed under: DSM IV - 05 Jul 2012  | Spread the word !

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DSM IV stands for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and is a manual published by the American Psychiatric Association which includes all recognised health disorders. Its coding system corresponds with codes from the International Codification of Disease, also known as ICD. This important book includes a large variety of mental disorders from retardation to eating disorders, so it’s an important  standard classification of mental disorders used by many health professionals in the United States. This manual is also used by researchers and clinicians that work in psychodynamic, behavioural, interpersonal or biological systems and is also used across clinical settings such as consultation-liaison, clinic, private practice, as well as primary care and  partial hospital. Additionally, it’s also useful for social workers, nurses, counselors, physicians, psychologists, but also for occupational and rehabilitation therapists. The manual is divided into three main parts, including the diagnostic classification, the diagnostic criteria sets, as well as the descriptive text.

Its first part, called the diagnostic classification, includes a long list with the mental disorders that are officially part of the DSM system. Making a diagnosis means that a specialist has to select a certain disorder that reflects the symptoms and signs that are found in an individual. Each diagnostic label is associated with a diagnostic code that is used by institutions for billing and data collection. The second part, the diagnostic criteria sets refers to a set of criteria that indicate which symptoms are present for each disorder, but also what symptoms and disorders must not be present. This way, it’s easier and more reliable to diagnose someone, but these criteria are only guidelines.

The third part of the DSM IV manual is called the descriptive text and is related to each disorder, describing and explaining each mental disease, including various headlines such as Diagnostic Features”; “Subtypes and/or Specifiers”; “Recording Procedures”; “Associated Features and Disorders”; “Specific Culture, Age, and Gender Features”; “Prevalence”; “Course”; “Familial Pattern”; and “Differential Diagnosis.” Diagnostic Features”; “Subtypes and/or Specifiers”; “Recording Procedures”; “Associated Features and Disorders”; “Specific Culture, Age, and Gender Features”; “Prevalence”; “Course”; “Familial Pattern”; and “Differential Diagnosis.”  DSM IV is also useful for those people who have someone in their family who suffers from a mental or personality disorder and they want to find out how to behave when they spend time together. Plus, by reading this interesting book, they will be able to understand what is going on with someone who has such a problem.

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